Indian Tribes

The Federal Government has a unique relationship with Indian Tribes derived from the Constitution of the United States, treaties, Supreme Court doctrine, and Federal statutes. It is deeply rooted in American history, dating back to the earliest contact in which colonial governments addressed Indian Tribes as sovereign nations. The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP), as a federal agency, recognizes the government-to-government relationship between the United States and federally recognized Indian Tribes and acknowledges Indian Tribes as sovereign nations with inherent powers of self-governance. This relationship has been defined and clarified over time in legislation, Executive Orders, Presidential directives, and by the Supreme Court.


         Government-to-Government                                              Indigenous Knowledge  Three persons having a discussion in the landscapeTribal Representatives at a table during meeting







            Tribal Coordination and                                                       
Consultation for Infrastructure Projects                        Protection of Indian Sacred Sites Lake shore landscape view of Cave Rock, Lake Tahoe, NevadaLandscape view of a Wyoming wind farm








Training and Guidance

Indigenous and Historic Preservation

ACHP Policy Statement on Indigenous Knowledge and Historic Preservation

ACHP Policy Statement on Burial Sites, Human Remains, and Funerary Objects

Burial Sites, Human Remains, and Funerary Objects: Explanations and Discussion

Tribal Treaty and Reserved Rights MOU

Native American Information Papers