The ACHP’s Office of Native American Affairs staff supports the ACHP in a number of ways, from policy development and project review, training and education, and guidance development to providing information papers about various topics concerning Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations. Information papers are different than guidance documents and discuss issues that may inform participants in the Section 106 process.
The Indian Removal Era and Section 106 Tribal Consultation: Information Paper the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) seeks to help federal agencies understand why they must consult with those Indian tribes who were removed from their homelands by the federal government and now may reside great distances from a proposed undertaking. Understanding the effects of removal on Indian tribes and their ability to participate in the Section 106 process will help federal agencies to carry out their consultation responsibilities more effectively and efficiently.
- Tribal Treaty Rights in the Section 106 Process From 1778 to 1871, the federal government’s relations with Indian tribes were defined and conducted largely through the treaty-making process. These treaties recognized the sovereignty of Indian tribes. They also established unique sets of rights, benefits, and conditions for the treaty-making tribes that agreed to cede millions of acres of their homelands to the United States in return for recognition of property rights in land and resources and federal protections. In December 2016, several agencies including the ACHP entered into a Memorandum of Understanding to protect tribal treaty rights in agency decision making and through enhanced interagency coordination.
- Improving Tribal Consultation in Infrastructure Projects The Departments of the Interior and Justice and the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) hosted a series of meetings and a listening session in 2016 to discuss with Indian tribes their input in federal infrastructure decisions in response to the widespread concerns regarding the Dakota Access Pipeline. In recognition that a great many of the issues raised during the sessions and submitted in written comments are about, or related to, the Section 106 process, the ACHP offers this report.
- Information Paper on Cultural Landscapes This paper addresses the topic of identifying and considering the role of indigenous places and landscapes in Section 106, as well as in non-Section 106 contexts.
- The Protection of Indian Sacred Sites: General Information July 2015 This paper is intended to provide the reader with a very basic understanding about Indian sacred sites. It is offered to help the public, local planners, state officials, developers, and others better understand sacred sites and how they can help protect them.
- UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples - Background On December 16, 2010, at the second White House Tribal Nations Conference, President Obama announced the United States’ support for the Declaration. The State Department also released a document to accompany President Obama’s announcement that provides a more detailed statement about US support and ongoing work in Indian Country.