Indian Tribes and Native Hawaiian Organizations

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Partnership With Salish Kootenai College

On September 23, 2019, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) entered into an agreement with Salish Kootenai College (SKC), and the ACHP Foundation to provide educational, personal development, and professional growth opportunities to students in the Tribal Historic Preservation and Tribal Governance and Administration degree programs.

Traditional Knowledge

The Office of Native American Affairs (ONAA) is focusing on traditional knowledge in the Section 106 process to help practitioners more fully understand it and its role in the process. While there is no legal definition of traditional knowledge, ONAA is working with Indian tribes, kanaka maoli (indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands) and Native Hawaiian organizations (NHOs) to develop appropriate means to explain the importance of indigenous knowledge and its value in the Section 106 process.

Nuclear Energy Tribal Working Group Meets at the ACHP

The ACHP hosted a meeting on April 18 with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Nuclear Energy Tribal Working Group to introduce the members to the National Historic Preservation Act and Section 106. Office of Native American Affairs Director Valerie Hauser gave an overview of the ACHP and how the office works to assist tribes. Office of Federal Agency Programs Director Reid Nelson talked about the Section 106 process.

Tribal Coordination and Consultation For Infrastructure Projects

The ACHP understands that applicant-driven projects create challenges for federal agencies and Indian tribes in Section 106 consultation because extensive planning typically occurs prior to the submission of an application and the initiation of the review process.

Traditional Cultural Landscapes in the Section 106 Review Process

Since 1992, when Congress amended the National Historic Preservation Act to clarify that historic properties of religious and cultural significance to Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations (NHOs) may be eligible for the National Register of Historic Places (National Register), the ACHP has seen a steady increase in the number of Section 106 reviews involving such historic properties. Improvements in federal agency consultation with Indian tribes and NHOs and greater recognition of their expertise in identifying historic properties of significance to them have likely contributed to this increase. It is equally likely that there have also been increasing development pressures in places not previously developed. An early 2011 Tribal Summit co-hosted by the ACHP in Palm Springs, California, underscored the fact that the nation’s renewed emphasis on the development and transmission of renewable energy, as well as the continued focus on conventional energy, is placing additional pressures on landscapes throughout the country, and particularly in the west.

Native American Traditional Cultural Landscapes in the Section 106 Review Process: Questions and Answers

The consideration of Native American traditional cultural landscapes in Section 106 reviews has challenged federal agencies, Indian tribes, and Native Hawaiian organizations for some time. There has been confusion regarding what makes a place a traditional cultural landscape, whether they can be considered historic properties, and whether the size of such places influences their consideration under the National Historic Preservation Act.

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