The importance of protecting the knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities is increasingly recognized in international forums. The purpose of this initiative is to introduce the concept of indigenous traditional knowledge to Section 106 practitioners and to clarify the role of traditional knowledge in the Section 106 process. Traditional knowledge is defined by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as “knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities around the world.” Frequently, traditional knowledge is used and appropriated without the prior informed consent of the holders. The ACHP applies the term “traditional knowledge” to the information or knowledge held by indigenous peoples and, for purposes of Section 106, to the expertise held by Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations (NHOs).

 

Also known as Traditional Knowledge