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Selected Section 106 Cases, 1986-1996: South-Central

Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas

Lake Sylvia Girl Scout Camp management, Ouachita National Forest, Perry County, Arkansas, U.S. Forest Service, 1989. The Lake Sylvia Girl Scout Camp was built by the Works Progress Administration and the Civilian Conservation Corps from 1937-1940 and remained in use until 1979, when it was abandoned. In 1982 the Forest Service authorized a permit to dismantle the facility, but in 1986 the Perry County Conservation District expressed an interest in restoring the camp buildings. A Programmatic Agreement now endorses this reuse and provides for ongoing maintenance and development and implementation of internal management guidelines for treatment of the camp's historic properties. Certain classes of actions that might affect the properties are exempted from further review, thus streamlining this process.

Barksdale Air Force Base operations and maintenance, Louisiana, U.S. Air Force, 1993. Operations and maintenance activities affecting the Barksdale Field Historic District were the subject of a 1993 agreement with the Air Force. The district includes 106 officers' residences, 62 non-commissioned officers' residences, 52 communal garages, six hangars, and 38 support buildings, some of which date from the 1930s. Projects which meet the Secretary's Standards are reviewed internally, unless the Louisiana SHPO raises objections. The agreement also establishes a Base Historic Preservation Committee to ensure monitoring and quality control of activities subject to the agreement. It also provides for Council- and SHPO-sponsored training to help staff and outside consultations carry out the agreement's terms.

Community Development Block Grant Program, New Orleans, Louisiana, City of New Orleans-Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), 1993. Under an agreement reached in 1993 by city officials, the Louisiana SHPO, and the Council for city-administered Federal funds covering various HUD programs, Section 106 review for housing rehabilitation and related projects was streamlined and activities identified for categorical exclusion. Projects earmarked for review, which might result in demolition or substantial alteration of historic properties in designated historic districts within the city, including the French Quarter, were left for consultation between the city and the State absent Federal involvement. The Council would intervene only for the purposes of dispute resolution. Among other measures, the agreement specifies necessary documentation and records, reasonable limitations on what is reviewed, required city staffing, and procedures for unanticipated discoveries and emergencies.

Ship Shoal Lighthouse transfer, Berwick, Louisiana, U.S. Coast Guard, 1991. The Coast Guard proposed to transfer the Ship Shoal Lighthouse to the Town of Berwick, which planned to re-erect the structure in town as a display at the Lighthouse Museum. Built in 1859 of cast iron and wood, the 125-foot light is one of the Nation's oldest surviving examples of exposed screw pile construction. The transfer garnered a great deal of local support and Congressman Billy Tauzin (D-LA) introduced legislation to permit the undertaking. The agreement provided for insertion of preservation covenants into the transfer documents, recordation of the light's historic features according to Historic American Engineering Record standards, nomination of the property to the National Register of Historic Places, relocation using National Park Service guidelines for moving historic structures, and rehabilitation of the light's deteriorated features according to the Secretary's Standards.

Forage and Livestock Research Laboratory management, El Reno, Oklahoma, Agricultural Research Service, 1992. Built during a period of Cheyenne tribal unrest, the 19th-century brick Army post of Fort Reno includes a brick barracks and guardhouse, school and chapel, bakery, ordnance magazine, storehouse, and military cemetery grouped around a central parade ground. Part of the complex became an agricultural experiment station in 1949, and public access and use of the Fort Reno National Register Historic District located within the laboratory boundaries was subsequently restricted. Repeated public inquiries about Department of Agriculture management of the facility prompted the Agricultural Research Service to open discussions with the Oklahoma SHPO and the Council. The result was an agreement that improves substantially the care and maintenance of these historic structures at the laboratory, clearly identifies the more recent structures of no historic value and not subject to further review, and integrates historic preservation and public access concerns with ongoing agricultural and experimental operations.

Fort Bliss historic structures maintenance, Texas, Department of the Army, 1995. The Council assisted the Army in developing an agreement to exclude numerous routine maintenance activities from project-by-project review. The Army performs an internal review by qualified personnel on other projects estimated to cost less than $50,000 that would result in no adverse effects or no effects at all to historic properties. Under the agreement, record keeping requirements for the Army are established, frequent communication between the Army and the State Historic Preservation Officer is encouraged, and regular meetings are scheduled to review progress and identify potential problems to achieve oversight efficiencies and quality control. The Army believes that the implementation of these time-saving, streamlined review procedures will allow the environmental staff adequate time to concentrate on necessary priorities and to develop the Cultural Resource Management Plans that are badly needed for the installation's built resources.

Fort Sam Houston ongoing operation and management, San Antonio, Texas, Department of the Army, 1991. A Programmatic Agreement and its implementation represent a complete change in management attitude and responsibility toward the buildings that constitute the National Historic Landmark District. Prior to the agreement, some 900 buildings were neglected and not managed in accordance with their historic significance. Due in part to the planning documents the agreement required, the fort has become a stellar example of how preservation can be made compatible with military mission. Active community participation enhances management of Ft. Sam. The Section 106 review streamlining occurs in a class of actions that does not require outside review by anyone, including the Council and the SHPO.

South Oak Cliff Corridor Light Rail Project, Dallas Area Rapid Transit System, Dallas, Texas, Federal Transit Administration (FTA), 1991. The Council participated in the development of project designs and an agreement for the construction of a light rail in Dallas in an area replete with historic properties, including the Kennedy assassination site. Consultation involved coordination with many interested parties, including the City of Dallas Landmarks Commission, and the boards of the Texas Schoolbook Depository's Sixth Floor Museum and Thanksgiving Square. The Council worked with Dallas Area Rapid Transit to establish a Historic Advisory Committee to review project alternatives and assess the undertaking's effects. The agreement provided for active consultation with the Texas SHPO and the Dallas Landmarks Commission, streamlined review times, and deferred to local design decisions.

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