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Selected Section 106 Cases, 1986-1996: Northwest/Alaska

Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill cleanup, Prince William Sound, Alaska, U.S. Coast Guard-U.S. Forest Service, 1990. Under an agreement negotiated for cleanup activities following the Exxon Valdez disaster, an expedited review process and plan was developed to address the effects of cleanup activities on hundreds of historic properties. The agreement reflected the concerns and comments of more than 40 Native American corporations and groups, as well as those of the Federal agencies, the Alaska SHPO and other State agencies, and the Exxon Corporation. The region affected holds prehistoric and historic sites reflecting over 7,000 years of Alaskan heritage, documenting a record of Native, Russian, and American occupation. The Exxon Valdez Cultural Resource Program employed archeologists to serve on Shoreline Cleanup Assessment Teams to help find and record impacted sites and develop protective measures. Constraints on cleanup treatment methods and techniques, as well as other measures to protect sites from looting, vandalism or other project impacts were put in place and have been extremely successful in avoiding directing cleanup impacts and limiting vandalism. The project resulted in a vast store of information on the heritage of the area that will enhance future cultural resource management approaches and needs.

Timber salvage and exploration mining, Salmon National Forest, Idaho, U.S. Forest Service, 1994. During 1994 the Council successfully negotiated programmatic agreements with the Salmon National Forest and the Idaho SHPO to streamline Section 106 consultation for two important forest programs: timber salvage operations and exploration mining. Both agreements establish standards for inventory, public involvement, and avoidance of most effects to historic properties during such activities. The exploration mining agreement further sets forth prescribed recordation measures for historic mining features where avoidance of early mine works is not possible, since much exploration takes place in and around old mine works where deposits could benefit from new technologies to extract additional minerals. Through application of the standards in these two agreements and with occasional consultation and monitoring of actions under the agreements by the SHPO, the Forest Service can proceed with timber and mining companies without additional outside review on most timber salvage and exploration projects, even if historic properties subject to effect are identified.

Timberline Lodge repair, maintenance, and management, Mt. Hood National Forest, Oregon, U.S. Forest Service, 1994. A premiere historic hotel complex located near the summit of Mt. Hood, Timberline Lodge was built by Works Progress Administration and dedicated by President Franklin Roosevelt in 1937. Built and furnished in the Arts and Crafts style, the lodge contains spectacular—and well-preserved—examples of local craftsmanship in its construction as well as its ornamental fittings, furnishings, and artwork. The Council negotiated an agreement for various rehabilitation and maintenance activities in 1981, but the work was postponed due to lack of funding and the agreement expired in 1986. After years of informal discussions, in fall 1994 the Council prevailed upon the Forest Service to hold serious discussions on the need for preparation of a Historic Structures Report and, following that, individual management, maintenance, and furnishings plans. The Forest Service, NPS, the Oregon SHPO, the Timberline Lodge concessionaire, the Friends of Timberline Lodge, and the Council participated in the consultation where, for the first time, concerns about the continued management and successful development of the lodge were discussed collegially. Work on the Historic Structures Report, which will provide information about existing conditions and needs is underway. A Programmatic Agreement to guide further planning and resource management activities is also under development.

Lake Washington Ship Canal maintenance and operation, Seattle, Washington, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1992. The Council worked with the Seattle District of the Corps and the Washington SHPO on an agreement for routine management and long-range planning at the Lake Washington Ship Canal. The ship canal connects Puget Sound with Lake Union. It was a critical component to the industrial, commercial, and recreational development of early 20th-century Seattle. Located on 17 acres that contain the Hiram M. Chittenden Locks, the Fremont and Montlake Cuts, a dam and spillway, a fish ladder where visitors can view migrating salmon, and the world-renowned Carl S. English Botanical Gardens, the project area is a popular tourist attraction. The agreement commits the Corps to develop and implement a Historic Property Management Plan to promote stewardship and ensure preservation of the area's outstanding historic characteristics.

Metropolitan Area Trolley expansion, Seattle, Washington, Federal Transit Administration (FTA), 1993. Under pressure to meet year-end funding deadlines to expand Seattle's electric trolley bus system, the Council worked with FTA, Metro Seattle, and the Washington SHPO to reach agreement on protective measures for historic properties along the proposed expansion routes. Activities successfully addressed through a Programmatic Agreement included installation of overhead wires and utility poles in historic areas, addition of eyebolts to historic buildings, attachment of mast arms, and construction and landscaping of electrical substations on the project routes.

Iron Goat Trail development and maintenance, Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, Washington, U.S. Forest Service, 1993. The Iron Goat Trail project in the Stevens Pass Historic District in Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest provides an excellent example of how recreational needs can mesh with historic preservation. The new hiking trail will be routed along the abandoned bed of the Great Northern Railroad, which ran through the North Cascades Range to connect eastern Washington with the coast at Seattle. It will provide the means to preserve the railroad's historic features while encouraging public use and enjoyment. The Great Northern Railroad was important in opening the west to transportation, commerce, and development. Called the "Iron Goat" because of the steep terrain it covered, it was noted for its remarkable engineering, including steep switchbacks, tunnels, and snowsheds. An agreement among the Council, the Forest Service, and the Washington SHPO specifies and ensures development of a Historic Preservation Plan to protect the trail's important historic features.

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