specific nav links
with Section 106 Section
106 in Action Archive
of Prominent Section 106 Cases Hawaii: Redevelopment of Ford
Island and Management of the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex/Navy Region Hawaii
Redevelopment of Ford Island and
Management of the Pearl Harbor Naval
Complex/Navy Region Hawaii
Criteria for ACHP Involvement:
- The Navy’s management and redevelopment activities in Hawaii have the potential to adversely affect a large number of historic properties, including the U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor National Historic Landmark (Criterion 1).
- Proposed development of a Programmatic Agreement will alter the way the Section 106 process is applied to management activities at the Naval Region Hawaii (Criterion 2).
- There is substantial public controversy regarding the Navy’s proposed redevelopment of Ford Island at Pearl Harbor (Criterion 3).
In January 2002, ACHP executed agreements with the Navy and consulting
parties for the Ford Island redevelopment Master Development Agreement,
as well as for the construction of approximately 140 housing units on
the island at Pearl Harbor National Historic Landmark (NHL).
Ford Island, HI (staff photo)
As a result of the Section 106 consultation, the Navy agreed to lower
the number of housing units to be constructed on Ford Island from 180
to 140 and to revise substantially the street pattern of the new neighborhood
to minimize its encroachment on the historic airfield.
The agreement also recognizes Native Hawaiian concerns by incorporating
Native Hawaiian names for the new streets and including plaques interpreting
Native Hawaiian history in the neighborhood. The Master Development Agreement
establishes a framework for continued consultation regarding individual
projects and encourages the Navy to seek out opportunities to rehabilitate
and reuse the historic properties on Ford Island through the partnership
with a private developer.
Historic preservation opportunities relating to the Master Development
Agreement was the focus of a workshop held in fall 2001. The National
Trust for Historic Preservation, which named Ford Island to its 2001 list
of 11 Most Endangered Historic Places, assembled the team of experts,
including ACHP members Bruce Judd and Ray Soon. The workshop was well
received by members of the development community and is likely to have
a positive influence on the proposals for Ford Island.
In addition to the agreements regarding the Ford Island redevelopment,
the Navy has also signed another Programmatic Agreement (PA) to address
overall management of historic properties within Navy Region Hawaii. Final
execution of the document is being considered by the consulting parties.
The PA has been under negotiation between the Navy, ACHP, the Hawaii
State Historic Preservation Office, the National Park Service, the National
Trust, the Historic Hawaii Foundation, the Oahu ACHP of Hawaiian Civic
Clubs, the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, the Outdoor Circle, the USS Arizona
Memorial, and MISSOURI Memorial Association, Inc.
The Pearl Harbor Naval Complex is the Navys largest and most strategic
base in the Pacific. Encompassing more than 12,600 acres of land and water,
it serves as the headquarters of five major fleet commands. More than
1,200 of the buildings and structures constructed during the bases
100-year history are included in the U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor NHL,
which was designated in 1964. The NHL designation commemorates the 1941
Japanese attack on the base that propelled the United States into World
War II, as well as the strategic role the base has played through time
in the Pacific.
In addition, the base contains important Native Hawaiian archeological
sites, including traditional stone-walled fishponds. (For more information
on historic properties at Pearl Harbor, visit www.hawaii.navy.mil,
select Visitor Information, and then choose visual tours of
either historic or present Pearl Harbor.)
In 1979, the Navy, the Hawaii State Historic Preservation Officer, and
ACHP entered into a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) for the management
of the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex. The agreement is more than 20 years
old and, measured against todays standards, including 1997 Navy
guidance on planning for historic properties, needs to be updated and
improved. Although the MOA called for periodic reviews, none were initiated,
and properties were not re-evaluated to determine if their management
by the Navy was still appropriate.
Problems with the 1979 MOA were highlighted by the Navys 1998 plans
for the redevelopment of Ford Island. Ford Island is located in the harbor
and contains buildings and structures associated with its historic use
as officer housing and a naval air station. The Japanese attack focused
on the Pacific Fleet ships moored around the island and on the hangars
and airfield on the island itself.
Traditionally, the island was accessible only by ferry, but in 1998 a
bridge was constructed between the island and the mainland. That access
will facilitate a proposed $500 million master plan that, as originally
proposed, would include 600 homes for Navy personnel, a Navy museum, and
Because of the Navys Ford Island redevelopment plans, the National
Park Service named Naval Base Pearl Harbor to its list of threatened NHLs.
In April 2001, the Navy issued a Request for Proposals for a Master Development
Agreement for the Ford Island redevelopment. (For more information on
the Ford Island redevelopment, visit www.hawaii. navy.mil and select Ford
At a February 1999 ACHP meeting in Hawaii, ACHP members gained
first-hand understanding of the complexities of the Navys Ford Island
plans, as well as the Navys challenges in managing numerous obsolete
and deteriorated facilities within the Naval Complex. Concern voiced by
ACHP members has resulted in the Navys willingness to revisit
the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex MOA and expand its scope.
The new PA will apply to the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex (including the
Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility) and
to outlying naval installations on Oahu and the Pacific Missile Range
Facility at Barking Sands on Kauai, but will exclude redevelopment of
In connection with the development of the PA, the Navy is preparing an
Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plan that will be implemented
by the PA upon its acceptance by the consulting parties.
Staff contact: Lee
May 6, 2003
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