specific nav links
with Section 106 Section
106 in Action Archive
of Prominent Section 106 Cases Hawaii: Pearl Harbor Naval Complex
Management and Redevelopment at Pearl Harbor Naval Complex/Navy Region
Criteria for ACHP Involvement:
The Navy's management and redevelopment activities
in Hawaii have the potential to adversely affect a large number of
historic properties, including the U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor National
Historic Landmark (Criterion 1).
Proposed development of a Programmatic Agreement
will alter the way the Section 106 process is applied to management
activities at the Naval Region Hawaii (Criterion 2).
The Navy has signed the Programmatic Agreement (PA) for management of
all properties within the Navy Region Hawaii negotiated at the December
2000 meeting with ACHP, the Hawaii State Historic Preservation
Office (SHPO), the National Park Service (NPS), the Office of Hawaiian
Affairs, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the Historic
shipyard building, Pearl Harbor, HI
The PA will apply not only to the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex (including
the Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility)
but also to outlying naval installations on Oahu and the Pacific Missile
Range Facility at Barking Sands on Kauai. The PA is now circulating for
The PA will exclude the redevelopment of Ford Island. On April 17, 2001,
the Navy issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) for a Master Development
Agreement for the Ford Island redevelopment, and is scheduling a meeting
in June with preservation organizations to address concerns and comments.
ACHP has notified the Secretary of the Navy that it intends to
participate in the Section 106 consultations to consider the effects of
the Master Development Agreement on the Pearl Harbor National Historic
National attention has been focused on this historic property with the
recent opening of the movie "Pearl Harbor" and the upcoming
60th anniversary of the attack on December 7, 2001. (For more information
on the Ford Island redevelopment, visit www.hawaii.navy.mil
and click on "Ford Island Development." For further information
on the RFP, click again on "RFP Process.")
The Pearl Harbor Naval Complex is the Navys largest and most strategic
base in the Pacific. Encompassing more than 12,600 acres of land and water,
it serves as the headquarters of five major fleet commands. More than
1,200 of the buildings and structures constructed during the bases
100-year history are included in the U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor NHL,
which was designated in 1964. The NHL designation commemorates the 1941
Japanese attack on the base which propelled the United States into World
War II, as well as the strategic role the base has played through time
in the Pacific.
In addition, the base contains important Native Hawaiian archeological
sites, including traditional stone-walled fishponds. (For more information
on historic properties at Pearl Harbor, visit www.hawaii.navy.mil
and click on Virtual Tour of Pearl Harbor.)
In 1979, the Navy, Hawaii SHPO, and ACHP entered into a Memorandum
of Agreement (MOA) for the management of the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex.
The agreement is more than 20 years old and, measured against todays
standards, including 1997 Navy guidance on planning for historic properties,
needs to be updated and improved. Although the MOA called for periodic
reviews, none were initiated, and properties were not re-evaluated to
determine if their management by the Navy was still appropriate.
Moreover, the MOA provided no opportunity for public involvement, included
no provisions regarding archeology, and contained vague treatment standards.
Of particular concern, the MOA virtually excluded ACHP from any
review role, contrary to the 1980 amendment of Section 110(f) of the National
Historic Preservation Act, which calls for ACHP participation in review
of activities affecting NHLs.
Problems with the 1979 MOA were highlighted by the Navys 1998 plans
for the redevelopment of Ford Island. Ford Island is located in the harbor
and contains buildings and structures associated with its historic use
as officer housing and a naval air station. The Japanese attack focused
on the Pacific Fleet ships moored around the island and on the hangars
and airfield on the island itself. The island was, traditionally, accessible
only by ferry, but in 1998 a bridge was constructed between the island
and the mainland.
That access will facilitate a proposed $500 million master plan that,
as originally proposed, would include 600 homes for Navy personnel, a
Navy museum, and other development. Because of the Navys Ford Island
redevelopment plans, NPS recently named Naval Base Pearl Harbor to its
list of threatened NHLs, and the National Trust for Historic Preservation
placed it on its list of the 11 Most Endangered Historic Properties.
At the February 1999 ACHP meeting in Hawaii, ACHP members gained
first-hand understanding of the complexities of the Navys Ford Island
plans, as well as the Navys challenges in managing numerous obsolete
and deteriorated facilities within the Naval Complex. Concern voiced by
ACHP members has resulted in the Navys willingness to revisit
the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex MOA and expand its scope.
In connection with the development of the PA, the Navy is preparing an
Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plan (ICRMP) that will be implemented
by the PA upon its acceptance by the consulting parties. Additionally,
the Navy has focused the efforts of its ICRMP planning team on Ford Islands
resources in order to assist in consultation regarding the islands
Winter 2001 report on this case
Staff contact: Lee Keatinge
June 6, 2002
Return to Top