specific nav links
with Section 106 Section
106 in Action Archive
of Prominent Section 106 Cases Hawaii: Redevelopment of Ford
Island and Management of the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex/Navy Region Hawaii
Hawaii: Redevelopment of Ford Island and Management of the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex/ Navy Region Hawaii
Agency: U.S. Navy
Criteria for ACHP Involvement:
- The Navys management and redevelopment activities in Hawaii
have the potential to adversely affect a large number of historic
properties, including the U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor National Historic
Landmark (Criterion 1).
- Proposed development of a Programmatic Agreement will alter the
way the Section 106 process is applied to management activities at
the Naval Region Hawaii (Criterion 2).
- There is substantial public controversy regarding the Navys
proposed redevelopment of Ford Island at Pearl Harbor (Criterion 3).
ACHP has notified the Secretary of the Navy that it intends to
participate in consultation to develop Programmatic Agreements (PAs) for
both the Ford Island redevelopment Master Development Agreement as well
as for the construction of approximately 180 housing units on the island
at Pearl Harbor National Historic Landmark (NHL). The Navy held a meeting
in mid-June to discuss the first draft of the Integrated Cultural Resources
Management Plan (ICRMP) for Pearl Harbor and the proposed Ford Island
Since that meeting, the consulting parties have provided comments on
the Draft ICRMP, the language and schematic designs to be included in
the RFP for the housing development, and the Programmatic Environmental
Impact Statement for the broader Ford Island development.
Ford Island, Hawaii (staff photo)
In June, the National Trust for Historic Preservation (Trust) named Ford
Island to its 2001 list of 11 Most Endangered Historic Places.
The Trust has also assembled a team of experts, including ACHP members
Bruce Judd and Ray Soon, who will present in the fall a workshop on historic
preservation opportunities in relating to the Master Development Agreement.
The Navy has signed a PA for management of all properties (except Ford
Island) within Navy Region Hawaii, and final execution of the document
is being considered by the consulting parties. The PA has been under negotiation
between ACHP, the Hawaii State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO),
the National Park Service (NPS), the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, the Trust,
and the Historic Hawaii Foundation.
The Pearl Harbor Naval Complex is the Navys largest and most strategic
base in the Pacific. Encompassing more than 12,600 acres of land and water,
it serves as the headquarters of five major fleet commands. More than
1,200 of the buildings and structures constructed during the bases
100-year history are included in the U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor NHL,
which was designated in 1964. The NHL designation commemorates the 1941
Japanese attack on the base that propelled the United States into World
War II, as well as the strategic role the base has played through time
in the Pacific.
In addition, the base contains important Native Hawaiian archeological
sites, including traditional stone-walled fishponds. (For more information
on historic properties at Pearl Harbor, visit historic
or present Pearl
Harbor at the Navy Region Hawaii Web site.)
In 1979, the Navy, Hawaii SHPO, and ACHP entered into a Memorandum
of Agreement (MOA) for the management of the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex.
The agreement is more than 20 years old and, measured against todays
standards, including 1997 Navy guidance on planning for historic properties,
needs to be updated and improved. Although the MOA called for periodic
reviews, none were initiated, and properties were not re-evaluated to
determine if their management by the Navy was still appropriate.
Moreover, the MOA provided no opportunity for public involvement, included
no provisions regarding archeology, and contained vague treatment standards.
Of particular concern, the MOA virtually excluded ACHP from any
review role, contrary to the 1992 amendment of Section 110(f) of the National
Historic Preservation Act, which calls for ACHP participation in review
of activities affecting NHLs.
Problems with the 1979 MOA were highlighted by the Navys 1998 plans
for the redevelopment of Ford Island. Ford Island is located in the harbor
and contains buildings and structures associated with its historic use
as officer housing and a naval air station. The Japanese attack focused
on the Pacific Fleet ships moored around the island and on the hangars
and airfield on the island itself. Traditionally, the island was accessible
only by ferry, but in 1998 a bridge was constructed between the island
and the mainland. That access will facilitate a proposed $500 million
master plan that, as originally proposed, would include 600 homes for
Navy personnel, a Navy museum, and other development.
Because of the Navys Ford Island redevelopment plans, NPS recently
named Naval Base Pearl Harbor to its list of threatened NHLs. In April
2001, the Navy issued a Request for Proposals for a Master Development
Agreement for the Ford Island redevelopment. (Visit the Ford
Island Development Web site for more information on Ford Island redevelopment.)
At a February 1999 ACHP meeting in Hawaii, ACHP members gained
first-hand understanding of the complexities of the Navys Ford Island
plans, as well as the Navys challenges in managing numerous obsolete
and deteriorated facilities within the Naval Complex. Concern voiced by
ACHP members has resulted in the Navys willingness to revisit
the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex MOA and expand its scope.
The proposed new PA will apply to the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex (including
the Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility)
and to outlying naval installations on Oahu and the Pacific Missile Range
Facility at Barking Sands on Kauai, but will exclude redevelopment of
In connection with the development of the PA, the Navy is preparing an
ICRMP that will be implemented by the PA upon its acceptance by the consulting
Staff contact: Lee
June 6, 2002
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