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Federal Historic Preservation Case Law, 1966-2000

Subject Index of Cases
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(All reference numbers refer to the case numbers of court decisions summarized in Part Two of this report.)

N

National Capital Planning Commission: 91, 113
National Environmental Policy Act: 16, 22, 68
applicability: 7, 11, 13, 19, 30, 64, 68, 81, 93, 99
appropriation request: 42
Atomic Energy Act and: 64
avoidance: 10, 12
categorical exclusion: 108, 110, 126
comment, duty of public: 61
compliance: 12, 30, 99
compliance required: 6, 7, 81
cooperating agency: 58
delegation: 58
environmental assessment: 64, 71, 75, 87, 94, 96, 99, 118
environmental clearance: 44, 49, 75, 78
environmental impact statement: 28
adequacy: 11, 14, 15, 20, 23, 31, 32, 38, 39, 45, 58, 61, 66, 72, 75, 86, 88, 95, 106, 111, 118, 151
aesthetic concern: 45
alternatives: 7, 19, 58, 61, 95, 111, 126, 152, 153, 154, 155, 158
alternatives of preservation and rehabilitation: 9
annual: 42
appropriation request: 42
classified: 64
consultation with other agencies: 20
continuing involvement: 5
control over funds: 61
cumulative impacts: 106, 126, 155
direct effect: 87
disagreement among experts: 23
effect, cultural: 73, 86, 87, 88
effect, noise: 149
effect on archeological resources: 14, 15, 23, 35, 39, 42, 66, 71, 86, 87
effect on desert resources: 88
effect on historic property: 12, 20, 23, 29, 31, 38, 42, 45, 46, 47, 49, 53, 58, 61, 71, 76, 78, 147, 148, 149
effect, social: 59
effect, visual: 77, 149
exemption: 67
"Federal" action: 10, 11, 22, 27, 119, 130
hypothetical: 48
indirect effect: 87, 94
"major Federal action": 37, 42, 47, 49, 53, 67, 68, 81, 87, 94, 99, 101, 109, 119, 130
Memorandum of Agreement, incorporation: 31, 58
minimal Federal involvement: 87, 94
mitigation measures: 88, 111, 118
new information: 42, 66, 68, 75
none prepared: 7, 19, 21, 30, 37, 49, 53, 61, 64, 67, 68, 71, 73, 76, 87, 99
not required: 44, 46, 47, 49, 53, 67, 74, 147, 149
off-site location: 87
prepared: 11, 14, 16, 23, 28, 31, 32, 34, 35, 38, 39, 42, 43, 45, 58, 65, 66, 68, 72, 75, 79, 86, 88, 151
programmatic: 86
"proposal": 42
public disclosure: 64
purpose and need: 155
required: 8, 19, 61, 64, 81, 87
revised: 39, 42
scope: 12, 87
"significantly affecting the environment": 37, 53, 64, 77, 87, 147
social concern: 59
supplemental: 38, 42, 45, 75, 124
survey: 14, 42, 72, 87
temporary impact: 153
Executive Order No. 11593 and: 12, 15, 66, 81
"Federal agency": 4, 6, 58
finding of no significant impact: 137, 148
historic preservation policy: 7, 76, 81
insufficient Federal involvement: 27, 119
lead agency: 58, 118
national security and: 64
negative declaration: 19, 46, 49, 73, 76
NHPA and: 46, 66, 71, 73, 76, 81, 93, 109, 137, 149
nondiscretionary statute and: 3
not applicable: 4, 13, 22, 27, 30, 53, 76, 156
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act and: 3
ongoing project: 30, 81
private cause of action: 52
purpose: 3
segmentation: 10, 137
unexecuted part of project: 9
withdrawal of funds: 9, 13
National Historic Landmark: 4, 7, 27, 55, 77, 95, 110, 116, 133
National Historic Preservation Act: 48, 83
arbitrary and capricious action: 1
attorneys' fees (see also Section 305): 17
avoidance: 10, 12
bond requirement: 33
costs (see also Section 305): 17
eligibility, determination of: 18, 19, 24, 37, 42, 44, 53, 61, 68, 70, 71, 74, 75, 81, 84, 85, 89, 110
Energy and Water Development Appropriation Bill and: 57
Federal Advisory Committee Act, exemption from: 37
"Federal agency": 4, 6, 53, 58, 75
Historic Sites Act and: 55
landmark and (see also Section 110(f)): 55
legislative history: 68, 81
NEPA and: 20, 34, 46, 66, 71, 76, 81, 93, 94, 99, 106, 114, 133
nondiscretionary statute and: 3
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act and: 3
past actions of agency: 78, 113
preservation requirement: 37, 87
project splitting: 10
Public Buildings Cooperative Use Act and: 50
purpose: 6, 66, 87
Section 106 (see also Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, regulations): 31, 35, 39, 79
administrative record: 3
"affected area": 87, 121
applicability: 6, 8, 11, 13, 42, 68, 70, 74, 80, 81, 91, 113
"approval": 1, 2, 19, 30, 39, 44, 68, 81, 94, 100, 105, 108, 109, 113, 126
archeological survey: 35, 39, 42, 67, 70, 87
comments of Council: 15, 20, 24, 30, 35, 47
compliance found: 11, 17, 20, 23, 28, 31, 34, 37, 38, 56, 65, 72, 73, 83, 88, 118, 139, 146, 148, 149, 150, 153
compliance not found: 33, 74, 82, 87, 155
compliance not required: 19, 29, 44, 57, 109, 115
compliance required: 3, 6, 7, 40, 74, 81, 87
condemnation and: 25, 40, 86
conditional approval: 108, 118, 126
consultation with SHPO: 37, 67, 71, 88
delegation: 36, 33, 58, 77
deviation from Council recommendation: 15
effects: 7, 29, 31, 35, 34, 64, 85, 87, 93
exemption: 60
Federal action: 10, 11, 22, 66, 115
"Federal agency": 4, 6, 58, 59, 128
Federal funds: 98, 100, 108
Federal involvement: 39, 87, 91, 94, 100, 105, 115, 119, 120, 123
future funding: 1, 10
good faith: 66
historic significance, determination of: 76
identification of resources: 34, 67, 74, 149, 153
indirect or insubstantial effect: 8, 45, 46, 87
insufficient Federal involvement: 4, 10, 27, 39, 51, 62, 100, 105, 109, 115, 119, 123
interested persons: 118
international entity: 48
inventory: 66
lead agency: 32, 58, 118
legislative history: 68, 81
"license": 40, 130, 133
license, implied: 84
literature search: 67
no adverse effect: 34, 139, 148, 150
no effect: 28, 34, 46, 52, 64, 145
nondiscretionary statute and: 3
non-Federal defendants: 133
not applicable: 2, 4, 10, 13, 19, 21, 22, 27, 30, 39, 44, 46, 47, 50, 51, 57, 59, 61, 62, 84, 105, 156
notification requirement: 2
ongoing Federal action: 68, 80, 81
"opportunity to comment": 3, 16, 20, 34, 44, 45, 61, 81, 82, 145
"permit area": 87
"prior to approval": 1, 19, 30, 81, 126
private right of action: 42, 52, 102, 107, 114, 133, 134, 141, 142
procedural statute: 81, 99, 106, 110
project splitting: 10
public: 118
purpose: 81, 87
record, obligation to make: 3
"rubber-stamping": 33, 36, 115
rumor of historic significance: 2
salvage activities: 39
scope: 11, 37, 87, 115
Section 4(f) and: 43, 95
stage-by-stage compliance: 66, 121
substantial compliance: 15, 61, 66, 88, 118
survey requirement: 40, 66, 67, 71, 72, 87
"take into account": 3, 37, 45, 61, 81, 125
temporary effect: 46
timing: 1, 2, 12, 19, 21, 30, 44, 47, 50, 53, 61, 62, 66, 74, 81, 99, 114, 126, 137, 141
transfer of title and: 84, 86, 114
"undertaking": 7, 22, 62, 91, 94, 109, 113, 114, 115, 116, 120, 123, 130, 133, 134, 136, 140, 143, 156, 157
veto authority: 113, 130
Section 110(a): 87, 101, 103, 112, 134, 136
Section 110(b): 100
Section 110(d): 100
Section 110(f): 77, 95
Section 110(k): 142, 158
Section 305: 68, 80, 81, 82, 84, 134, 142
substantive decision: 84, 130
unexecuted part of project: 9
withdrawal of funds: 11, 62
National Park Service (see Interior, Department of the)
National Park Service Organic Act: 150
National Register of Historic Places: 2, 4, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47, 49, 50, 52, 53, 55, 56, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 68, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 76, 79, 80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87, 138, 151, 155
removal from: 69
National security: 64
Native Americans: 60, 66, 85, 101, 118, 125
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act: 118, 157
Navigable waters of the United States: 10, 28
Navy (see Defense, Department of)
Nebraska: 105
New Hampshire: 92
New Jersey: 32, 81
New Mexico: 66, 108
New York: 8, 19, 46, 69, 75, 80, 123, 137, 157
Nichols Cafe: 18
Ninth Circuit, U.S. Court of Appeals (see United States Court of Appeals)
North Carolina: 29, 40
Nuclear weapons storage facility: 64

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